In India, tomatoes use in almost every veggie. That’s why its consumption and production are done at a large scale. And, it is the most thriving farming business not only in India but also in other countries.
Tomato farming is the second most cherished farming after Potato in India. You can eat it raw, chilled, or use it as your favourite pizza seasoning. But, how great is one veggie used differently and gives a different taste? So, here we come with detailed information on Tomato Farming in India and its types. To get accurate and precise details, have a look down below. Mahindra 245 is the best tractor for tomato farming.
Tomato Farming Popular in India
Tomato farming is prevalent in India due to its short duration vegetable crop. This plant can thrive indoors as well as outdoors. You can even start tomato crop farming in pulses, cereals, grains and oilseeds yields. Varieties of tomato plant cultivation yield more productivity and high economic value.
Tomato is a Fruit or Vegetable
Tomatoes are biologically confirming as fruit because they grow on the flower with seeds. But they are mainly used as vegetables in cuisine. The US Supreme court said in 1893 that the tomato recognise as a vegetable because of its popular culinary applications.
Starting Business of Tomato Farming
To start the tomato agriculture business, you must know about tomatoes, their varieties, suitable cultivation, and marketing. Tomato is the most significant producing food yield globally. However, it is a warm-season vegetable and cannot succeed in the ice and humidity season.
After potato and onion, tomato holds the 3rd rank in India and second in the world. To start tomato agriculture, you can produce them in small areas. You can begin different kinds of tomato cultivation in open land and greenhouses. Developing different types of tomatoes will give you an efficient output and a significant profit.
Tomatoes are primarily using in many methods, such as in the fresh green salad, cooked food formulae and processed tomato products like gravy, ketchup etc.
Tomato Farming In India
The climatic requirement for tomato farming is suitable temperature should be 10-25 °C, and the ideal rainfall must be 400-600 mm.
Soil and land preparation is done in the ideal soil range: deep, well-drained soil with a sound drainage system for planting tomatoes. But, sandy loam, red dirt, and medium black soil are also considering ideal for tomato farming. For better tomato show, the soil pH level must be 7-8.
The time of sowing and planting the tomato seeds entirely depends on different states’ climates. For example, in the spring season, tomato farming is complete in late November and produced in January. And the autumn season, tomato farming is done in July-August and again planted in September. Mahindra 475 tractor is excellent for growing purposes because it provides good performance.
In the Harvesting process, you should gather tomatoes by hand to separate them from the stem. Keep the picked fruits only in a basket or crates and shadow. Then, use the tomato harvester machine to harvest the tomatoes.
Live Healthy With Tomatoes
Consumption of tomatoes and related yields helps enhance skin health, provides many health advantages, and allows you to oppose many severe diseases.
Including tomatoes in the diet helps to:
- help to fight against cancer,
- support healthy blood pressure
- decrease blood glucose in diabetic people
- and also cover the eye against light-induced damage
Tomato varieties in India
There are more than 12000 varieties of tomato in the world. There are more than 500 varieties of tomatoes cultivated in India. However, only a few are commercially public, and others are consuming locally. Several seed companies have bred the tomatoes further and have brought out new types with specific qualities.
Arka Abhijith is an F1 hybrid tomato type developing by IIHR Bangalore. It is producing for the fresh market. The fruit considers about 65-70g. The middle yielding is 65 tons per hectare in 140 days.
It is a semi-determinate plant with broad leaves and excellent foliage cover. It is suitable for long-distance transport. The colour is shiny and deep red and produces 60-65 days after sowing. This tomato type is grown in Kharif and rabi season. The fruits are firm with good keeping quality and appropriate for processing.
Namdhari is a determinate early developing hybrid variety of tomato in India. The fruits weigh about 80-90g with an attractive and glossy red colour. The sowing month is from August to October and is grown across almost all the states in India.
Rupali is a determinate, compact growing, early tomato hybrid with good foliage cover that produces medium-sized (100g), firm, round, smooth, and high-quality fruits. This variety is appropriate for processing purposes.
Arka Shreshta is a broad yielding hybrid type of tomato grown by IIHR Bangalore. The fruits are firm, have a long shelf life (17days), and is the easy to charm. Therefore, it is suited for both table and processing purposes. The crop is produce during the Kharif/ rabi season and matures after the rabi season. The average yield is 76t/ha.
This is a hybrid variety of tomatoes in India is produce by IIHR, Bangalore. This is an indeterminate plant with fruits that weigh about 140 g with a green shoulder. It is ideal for table definitions. The crop is cultivate during the Kharif/Rabi season and develops after 160 days. The average profit is 75t/ha.
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